In Canada, the concept of academic honesty or integrity is based on the cultural values of individualism, fairness, critical thinking, and uniqueness. There are strict rules about cheating on assignments and exams, and plagiarism, such as submitting the same piece of work or substantially similar work. Plagiarism means “the action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own” (The Oxford English Dictionary). This applies to all materials, electronic or in print, including essays, work term reports or assignments, laboratory reports, seminar presentations, computer programs, research projects and results, postings in discussion groups, and statistical data.
Avoid plagiarism by:
- Citing all sources used
- Using footnotes and endnotes (even if paraphrasing another person's work)
- Including references or a bibliography
- Checking Royal Roads University policies and procedures.